Key Readings

The “Back Matter” of my 2020 book, Value-creating global citizenship education for sustainable development: Strategies and approaches offers an annotated bibliography on value-creating education, and education for sustainable development and global citizenship. It is available to download from the Springer link. Copies of the book can also be purchased from Palgrave Macmillan.

As mentioned in my 2018 book, Value-creating global citizenship education, for English readers, here are some references in relation to the discussions on value-creating global citizenship education as a starting point to Gandhi’s education and practice of non-violence; Makiguchi’s value-creating pedagogy; and Ikeda’s essays and lectures on humanistic education.

Gandhi’s education and practice of non-violence

Avinashilingam, T. S. (1960). Gandhiji’s experiments in education. New Delhi: Ministry of Education.

Dalton, D. (1993). Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent power in action. New York: Columbia University Press.

Fischer, L. (1982). The life of Mahatma Gandhi. St. Albans: Granada.

____ (1983). The essential Gandhi: His life, word and ideas. An anthology. New York: Vintage Books.

Gandhi, M.K. (1939, October 25). Discussion with executive members of Gandhi Seva Sangh Wardha. The collected works of Mahatma Gandhi. Retrieved from

____ (1965). Gandhi on non-violence: Selected texts from non-violence in peace and war. New York: New Directions Publishing Corp.

____ (1982). An autobiography or the story of my experiments with truth. London: Penguin Books.

Hardiman, D. (2003). Gandhi: In his time and ours. New Delhi: Permanent Black.

Ikeda, D. (1996). Gandhism and the modern world. In A new humanism: The university addresses of Daisaku Ikeda (pp. 128–139). New York: Weatherhill.

Iyer, R. (Ed.). (1991). The essential writings of Mahatma Gandhi. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Parekh, B. (1995). Gandhi’s political philosophy. New Delhi: Ajanta Publications.

Makiguchi’s value-creating pedagogy

Bethel, D.M. (Ed.). (1989). Education for creative living: Ideas and proposals of Tsunesaburo Makiguchi. Ames: Iowa State University Press.

____ (2000). The legacy of Tsunesaburo Makiguchi: Value creating education and global citizenship. In D. Machacek and B. Wilson (Eds.), Global citizens: The Soka Gakkai buddhist movement in the world (pp. 42-66). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Goulah, J., & Gebert, A. (2009). Tsunesaburo Makiguchi: Introduction to the man, his ideas, and the special issue. Educational Studies, 45, 115–132.

Ikeda, D. (2008). Tsunesaburo Makiguchi’s Lifelong Pursuit of Justice and Humane Values. In My dear friends in America: Collected U.S. Addresses 1990-1996 (pp. 406-419). Santa Monica, CA: World Tribune Press.

Makiguchi, T. (2002). A geography of human life (English edition). California: Caddo Gap Press.

Takeuchi, K. (2004). The significance of Makiguchi Tsunesaburo’s Jinsei Chirigaku (Geography of Human Life) in the intellectual history of geography in Japan: commemorating the centenary of its publication. The Journal of Oriental Studies, 14, 112-132.

Ikeda’s essays and lectures on humanistic education

Gebert, A., & Joffee M. (2007). Value Creation as the aim of education: Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Soka Education. In D.T. Hansen (Ed.), Ethical visions in education: Philosophies in practice (pp. 65-82). Boston: Boston Research Association for the 21st Century.

Goulah, J. (2012). Daisaku Ikeda and value-creative dialogue: A new current in interculturalism and educational philosophy. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 44(9), 997-1009. doi:10.1111/j.1469-5812.2011.00827.x

Goulah, J., & Ito, T. (2012). Daisaku Ikeda’s curriculum of soka education: Creating value through dialogue, global citizenship, and ‘‘human education’’ in the mentor-disciple relationship. Curriculum Inquiry, 42(1), 56-79.

Henderson, H., & Ikeda, D. (2004). Planetary citizenship: Your values, beliefs and actions can shape a sustainable world. Santa Monica, CA: Middleway Press.

Ikeda, D. (1991). Arousing a new global awareness. Lecture delivered at the University of East Asia, Macau on January 30, 1991. Retrieved from

____  (1991). The age of ‘soft power’ and inner-motivated philosophy. Lecture delivered at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachussetts, USA, On September 26, Retrieved from

____  (1993). Mahayana Buddhism and twenty-first century civilization. Lecture delivered at Harvard University, September 24, 1993. Retrieved from

____  (1996). A new humanism: The university addresses of Daisaku Ikeda. New York: Weatherhill.

____  (1997). A new humanism for the coming century. Lecture delivered at Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, New Delhi, October 21, 1997. Retrieved from

____  (2001). Soka education: a Buddhist vision for teachers, students and parents. California: Middleway Press.

____  (2002).The challenge of global empowerment: Education for a sustainable future. Retrieved from

____  (2003). A global ethic of coexistence: Toward a ‘life-sized’ paradigm for our age. Tokyo: Soka Gakkai International.

____  (2008). Thoughts on education for global citizenship. In My dear friends in America: Collected U.S. Addresses 1990-1996 (2nd ed.) (pp. 441-451). Santa Monica, CA: World Tribune Press.

____ (2010). “Education toward Global Citizenship.” 1996. In Soka Education: For the Happiness of the Individual, 109-21. Santa Monica, CA: Middleway Press.

____ (2010). “The challenge of global empowerment: Education for a sustainable future.” In Soka education: For the happiness of the individual, 35-48. Santa Monica, CA: Middleway Press.

____ (2014, January 26). 2014 Peace Proposal. Value creation for global change: Building resilient and sustainable societies. Soka Gakkai International Newsletter, SGINL 8935. Retrieved from proposals/peaceproposal2014.pdf

Nagashima, J.T. (2016). The meaning of relationships for student agency in soka education: Exploring the lived experiences and application of Daisaku Ikeda’s value-creating philosophy through narrative inquiry (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Obelleiro, G. A. (2014). Cosmopolitan education and the creation of value (unpublished doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York.

Seager, R. H. (2006). Encountering the dharma: Daisaku Ikeda, Soka Gakkai, and the globalization of Buddhist humanism. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Sherman, P.  (2017). The emergent global citizen: Cultivating global citizenship identity and engagement within soka education. Lancaster University, United Kingdom. Retrieved from:

Urbain, O. (2010). Daisaku Ikeda’s philosophy of peace: Dialogue, transformation and global citizenship. London: I.B. Tauris in Association with the Toda Institute for Global Peace and Policy Research.

Takazawa, M. (2016). Exploration of soka education principles on global citizenship: A qualitative study of U.S. K-3 soka educators (unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of San Francisco, San Francisco. Retrieved from:

Watanabe, T. (2000). The movement and the Japanese media. In B. Wilson & D. Machacek (Eds.), Global citizens: The Soka Gakkai Buddhist movement in the world (pp. 205-231). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

My selected publications

Sharma, N. (1999). Value creators in education: Japanese educator Makiguchi & Mahatma Gandhi and their relevance for the Indian education (2nd ed.). New Delhi: Regency Publications.

____ (2002). Value creation, sarvodaya & participatory democracy: Three legacies for a better way of life. Social Change, Journal of the Council for Social Development, 32, 99-116.

____ (2007, June). Soka education: Fostering global citizens. Art of Living, 72, 8–10.

____ (2008). Makiguchi and Gandhi: Their educational relevance for the 21st Century. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America and Rowman & Littlefield.

____ (2011). Revisiting the concept of dialogue in global citizenship education. The International Journal of Development Education and Global Learning, 3(2), 5-19.

____ (2012). Can we learn to become active citizens? In N. Palaiologou, and G. Dietz, (Eds.). Mapping the broad field of intercultural/multicultural education worldwide: Towards the construction of the new citizen (pp. 402-414). Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

____ (2015). Can active citizenship be learned? Examining content and activities in a teacher’s education module engaging with Gandhi and Makiguchi. In M. Mukherjee (Guest Ed.). Indian education at the crossroads of postcoloniality, globalization and 21st century knowledge economy, special issue II. Policy Futures in Education, 13(3), 328-241. Sage Publications.

____ (2018). Value-creating global citizenship education: Engaging Gandhi, Makiguchi, and Ikeda as examples. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.

_____(2020). Value-creating global citizenship education for sustainable development: Strategies and approaches. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.

Relevant websites

For further reading on soka studies see

For further reading on Gandhi see

A new academic and research network ANGEL developed for researchers and scholars in the field of GE:

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